Carbofuran, one of the most toxic and biorefractory carbamate compounds, is widely used in insecticides in Taiwan (9-18% of total insecticides production per year). In the present study, a central composite design experiment was used to study the effect of photo-Fenton treatment on carbofuran solution and to optimize the process variables such as carbofuran concentration (1-100 mg L -1), H 2O 2 dosage rate (0.25-6 mg L -1 min -1) and Fe 3+ dosage (1-50 mg L -1), which influenced the efficiency of carbofuran degradation and mineralization. The results indicated that all the variables investigated in this study had significant roles in the degradation and mineralization of carbofuran in solution. The carbofuran degradation and mineralization efficiencies were increased with increase in H 2O 2 dosage rate and Fe 3+ dosage, and with decrease in carbofuran concentration. Furthermore, optimum values of both H 2O 2 dosage rate and Fe 3+ dosage were found to shift to higher values as carbofuran concentration increased. Based on the model obtained in this study, optimum H 2O 2 dosage rate and Fe 3+ dosage were found to be 4 mg L -1 min -1 and 20 mg L -1, respectively, for 51 mg L -1 of carbofuran concentration. Under these conditions, carbofuran was completely removed within 30 min and coupled with 78% mineralization at the end of experiment.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2012|
- Central composite design
- Photo-Fenton treatment