Optical and structural properties of (Ba, Sr)TiO3 thin films grown by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering

Y. P. Wang*, Tseung-Yuen Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


We studied the structural and optical properties of (Ba, Sr)TiO3 (BST) films deposited on the transparent substrates at various temperatures of 350-650°C and annealed at 450-650°C. Improved crystallization can be observed on 650°C annealed film whose substrate temperature is 350°C. The refractive index increased from 2.17 to 2.59 at λ = 410 nm for the BST films deposited at 350-650°C and it varied from 2.17 to 2.25 after annealing up to 650°C. In addition, the refractive-index dispersion data related to the short-range-order structure of BST films obeyed the single-oscillation energy model. The indirect energy gap of the films deposited on Al2O3 and quartz substrates was found to be about 3.5 eV. According to the analysis of reflectance data, the optical inhomogeneity of films can be reduced by depositing the films at intermediate temperatures 450-550°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4573-4578
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999

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