On the use of new oxidized Co-Cr-Pt-O catalysts for vertically-aligned few-walled carbon nanotube forest synthesis in electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition

I. Ju Teng, Chong Sian Huang, Hui Lin Hsu, I. Chuan Chung, Sheng Rui Jian*, Nazir P. Kherani, Cheng Tzu Kuo, Jenh-Yih Juang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new class of the multi-element catalysis system, Co-Cr-Pt-O, is used for verticallyaligned few-walled carbon nanotube (CNT) forest synthesis by a sandwich-growth technology in electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition. The effect of catalyst compositions on the resulting particle sizes after pretreatment, and the influence of process parameters on the CNT forest heights and diameters are investigated. Results show that a plasma pretreatment step reduces the metal oxides present in the as-deposited Co-Cr- Pt-O catalyst to their metallic states or to mixed metallic/oxidic states, and the co-catalytic synergistic effect during the reduction process thus leads to the production of uniformly small particles with a size of 3.3-3.9 nm over the substrate. Moreover, with CH4 as the carbon source, vertically-aligned CNT forests of 12 μm in height are achieved, and further characterizations indicate that the forests consist of dominant triple-walled nanotubes with an average inner tube diameter of 3.2-3.7 nm mostly. Additionally, field emission measurements show that the turn-on field of the CNT-forest emitters is below 2.6 V/μm, and the emission current density can reach 110 mA/cm2 at 4.5 V/μm. High reproducibility of field emission characteristics and Raman signals suggests the regularity of the CNT forests in structure and size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-822
Number of pages15
JournalCarbon
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

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