On-chip MIC by Combining Concentration Gradient Generator and Flanged Chamber Arrays

Xiao-Yan Zhang, Zhe-Yu Li*, Kose Ueno, Hiroaki Misawa, Nan-Qi Ren, Kai Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of antibiotic is an effective value to ascertain the agent and minimum dosage of inhibiting bacterial growth. However, current techniques to determine MIC are labor intensive and time-consuming, and require skilled operator and high initial concentration of bacteria. To simplify the operation and reduce the time of inhibition test, we developed a microfluidic system, containing a concentration generator and sub-micro-liter chambers, for rapid bacterial growth and inhibition test. To improve the mixing effect, a micropillar array in honeycomb-structure channels is designed, so the steady concentration gradient of amoxicillin can be generated. The flanged chambers are used to culture bacteria under the condition of continuous flow and the medium of chambers is refreshed constantly, which could supply the sufficient nutrient for bacteria growth and take away the metabolite. Based on the microfluidic platform, the bacterial growth with antibiotic inhibition on chip can be quantitatively measured and MIC can be obtained within six hours using low initial concentration of bacteria. Overall, this microfluidic platform has the potential to provide rapidness and effectiveness to screen bacteria and determine MIC of corresponding antibiotics in clinical therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
Number of pages11
JournalMicromachines
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • minimum inhibition concentration (MIC)
  • microfluidic
  • bacteria
  • antibiotics
  • ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA
  • MICROFLUIDIC PLATFORM
  • GROWTH
  • SUSCEPTIBILITY
  • CULTURE
  • DIFFUSION
  • CELLS
  • ASSAY

Cite this