On-Call Duty Effects on Sleep-State Physiological Stability in Male Medical Interns

Yu Hsuan Lin, Yen Cheng Ho, Sheng-Hsuan Lin, Yao Hsien Yeh, Chia Yih Liu, Terry B.J. Kuo, Cheryl C.H. Yang, Albert C. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:On-call duty among medical interns is characterized by sleep deprivation and stressful working conditions, both of which alter cardiac autonomic modulation. We hypothesized that sleep stability decreased in medical interns during on-call duty. We used cardiopulmonary-coupling (CPC) analysis to test our hypothesis.Methods:We used electrocardiogram (ECG)-based CPC analysis to quantify physiological parameters of sleep stability in 13 medical interns during on-call and on-call duty-free periods. There were ten 33.5-h on-call duty shifts per month for interns, each followed by 2 on-call duty-free days, over 3 months. Measurements during sleep were collected before, during, and after an on-call shift. Measurements were repeated 3 months later during an on-call duty-free period.Results:The medical interns had significantly reduced stable sleep, and displayed increased latency to the first epoch of stable sleep during the on-call night shift, compared to the pre-call and on-call duty-free nights. Interns also had significantly increased rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep during the on-call night shift, compared to the pre-call and on-call duty-free nights.Conclusion:Medical interns suffer disrupted sleep stability and continuity during on-call night shifts. The ECG-based CPC analysis provides a straightforward means to quantify sleep quality and stability in medical staff performing shift work under stressful conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere65072
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jun 2013

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    Lin, Y. H., Ho, Y. C., Lin, S-H., Yeh, Y. H., Liu, C. Y., Kuo, T. B. J., Yang, C. C. H., & Yang, A. C. (2013). On-Call Duty Effects on Sleep-State Physiological Stability in Male Medical Interns. PLoS ONE, 8(6), [e65072]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065072