Observed Blood Pressure and Mortality Among People Aged 65 Years and Older: A Community-Based Cohort Study

Chia Jen Shih, Yung Tai Chen, Shuo Ming Ou, Chi Hung Lin, Der Cherng Tarng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objectives The 2014 Eighth Joint National Committee guidelines for hypertension management emphasize the upper limit of blood pressure (BP) as the target for treatment in the elderly population. Given the uncertainty regarding optimal BP range, we aimed to investigate the association between observed BP and subsequent mortality in older people. Design, setting, and participants We extracted data from 128,765 participants ≥65 years of age who underwent annual health examinations in a retrospective, observational community-based study from 2001 to 2010. Seated BP was measured using an oscillometric device. The outcomes were all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Results As compared to participants with systolic BP at 130 to 139 mm Hg, the risk of all-cause mortality was significantly higher among those with <110 (adjusted hazard ratios [aHRs], 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.20), 140 to 149 (aHR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.03-1.14), 150 to 159 (aHR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.01-1.17), 160 to 169 (aHR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.04-1.19), and ≥170 mm Hg (aHR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.17-1.33), whereas the differences were not significant for those with 110 to119 (aHR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.00-1.12) and 120 to 129 mm Hg (aHR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.97-1.08). Similarly, diastolic BP at 40 to 79 mm Hg was associated with the lowest risk of all-cause mortality. The J-shaped curve relationship between BP and cardiovascular mortality was also observed. Conclusions Observed systolic and diastolic BP other than 110 to 139 and 40 to 79 mm Hg, respectively, were associated with a worse outcome. Our large cohort study supports the J-shaped mortality with observed BP in older people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-662
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • all-cause mortality
  • blood pressure
  • cardiovascular mortality
  • Older people

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