This study investigates the Taylor-Couette flow (TCF) with a longitudinal corrugated surface on a stationary outer cylinder and a rotating smooth inner cylinder using large eddy simulation for three values of amplitude to wavelength ratios (A∗) (0.1875, 0.2149, and 0.25) to explore the influence of the corrugated surface on the flow structures and the variation of torque for a wider range of Reynolds numbers (Re) (60-650). From the results, four flow regimes are observed. At Re = 60, initially, a pair of secondary vortices appears at the inner wall of the minimum gap region and it evolves to a pair of axisymmetric stationary wall induced vortices (ASSWIVs) in the maximum gap region. As Re increases to 80, 85, and 103 for the three values of A∗ (0.1875, 0.2149, and 0.25), respectively, another pair of axisymmetric stationary secondary vortices is seen at the minimum gap region of the inner wall. A further increase in Re (Re > 125, 130, and 138 for the three values of A∗, respectively) results in the appearance of axisymmetric periodic secondary axial flow. Increasing Re further (Re > 225, 240, and 260 for A∗ = 0.25, 0.2149, and 0.1875, respectively) leads to the emergence of non-axisymmetric and non-periodic secondary axial flow (NANPSAF) with an azimuthal wave. Generally, the torque in TCF with the corrugated surface is found to be lower than TCF with a smooth surface except for the occurrence of the ASSWIV flow regime and weak axial secondary flow in the NANPSAF regime.