We model the horizontal and radial displacements due to ocean tidal loading (OTL) in a computer program DISOTL (DISplacements due to Ocean Tide Loading). Numerical modeling of OTL considers an inner zone and outer zone contributions. A local tide model and shoreline defined by a GMT and Taiwan digital elevation model is used for the inner zone. OTL-induced displacements from DISOTL, GOTIC2 and BS computer programs differ at the millimeter level in amplitude, but the phase difference can be over 10. Such displacements at 13 IGS stations in the western Pacific can be up to 8.5 cm in amplitude (KWJ1, Marshall Islands). At stations around Taiwan, the radial displacements can be up to 5.5 cm (MZUM, Matzu Islands). This implies that such large OTL effects (over 1 cm) will have a profound influence on precise GPS positioning. To establish a new global positioning system GPS reference frame in Taiwan, the use of a precise computer program is critical. A case study of coastal and offshore-island GPS continuous stations suggests that DISOTL can model OTL corrections to a 1mm accuracy and reduce coordinate variations by up to 35%.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Transactions of the Chinese Institute of Engineers,Series A/Chung-kuo Kung Ch'eng Hsuch K'an|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2013|
- ocean tide loading