Numerical modeling of displacements due to ocean tide loading: Case study at GPS stations in Taiwan and western Pacific

Chein-way Hwang*, J. F. Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We model the horizontal and radial displacements due to ocean tidal loading (OTL) in a computer program DISOTL (DISplacements due to Ocean Tide Loading). Numerical modeling of OTL considers an inner zone and outer zone contributions. A local tide model and shoreline defined by a GMT and Taiwan digital elevation model is used for the inner zone. OTL-induced displacements from DISOTL, GOTIC2 and BS computer programs differ at the millimeter level in amplitude, but the phase difference can be over 10. Such displacements at 13 IGS stations in the western Pacific can be up to 8.5 cm in amplitude (KWJ1, Marshall Islands). At stations around Taiwan, the radial displacements can be up to 5.5 cm (MZUM, Matzu Islands). This implies that such large OTL effects (over 1 cm) will have a profound influence on precise GPS positioning. To establish a new global positioning system GPS reference frame in Taiwan, the use of a precise computer program is critical. A case study of coastal and offshore-island GPS continuous stations suggests that DISOTL can model OTL corrections to a 1mm accuracy and reduce coordinate variations by up to 35%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1028
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Transactions of the Chinese Institute of Engineers,Series A/Chung-kuo Kung Ch'eng Hsuch K'an
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • DISOTL
  • GPS
  • IGS
  • ocean tide loading
  • Taiwan

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