Numerical Method for the Design of Healing Chamber in Additive-Manufactured Dental Implants

Hsiao Chien Lee, Pei I. Tsai, Chih Chieh Huang, San-Yuan Chen, Chuen Guang Chao, Nien-Ti Tsou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The inclusion of a healing chamber in dental implants has been shown to promote biological healing. In this paper, a novel numerical approach to the design of the healing chamber for additive-manufactured dental implants is proposed. This study developed an algorithm for the modeling of bone growth and employed finite element method in ANSYS to facilitate the design of healing chambers with a highly complex configuration. The model was then applied to the design of dental implants for insertion into the posterior maxillary bones. Two types of ITI® solid cylindrical screwed implant with extra rectangular-shaped healing chamber as an initial design are adopted, with which to evaluate the proposed system. This resulted in several configurations for the healing chamber, which were then evaluated based on the corresponding volume fraction of healthy surrounding bone. The best of these implants resulted in a healing chamber surrounded by around 9.2% more healthy bone than that obtained from the original design. The optimal design increased the contact area between the bone and implant by around 52.9%, which is expected to have a significant effect on osseointegration. The proposed approach is highly efficient which typically completes the optimization of each implant within 3-5 days on an ordinary personal computer. It is also sufficiently general to permit extension to various loading conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1970680
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2017
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • BONE-FORMATION ADJACENT
  • SIMULATION
  • STRESS-DISTRIBUTION
  • SURFACE
  • OSSEOINTEGRATION

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