Numerical analyses and experiment investigations of an annular micro gas turbine power system using fuels with low heating values

Chun Hsiang Yang, Cheng Chia Lee, Jen Hao Hsiao, Chiun-Hsun Chen

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of using fuels with low heating values on the performance of an annular micro gas turbine (MGT) experimentally and numerically. The MGT used in this study is MW-54, whose original fuel is liquid (Jet A1). Its fuel supply system is re-designed to use biogas fuel with low heating value (LHV). The purpose is to reduce the size of a biogas distributed power supply system and to enhance its popularization. This study assesses the practicability of using fuels with LHVs by using various mixing ratios of methane (CH 4) and carbon dioxide (CO 2). Prior to experiments, the corresponding simulations, aided by the commercial code CFD-ACE+, were carried out to investigate the cooling effect in a perforated combustion chamber and combustion behavior in an annular MGT when LHV gas was used. The main purposes are to confirm that there are no hot spots occurring in the liners and the exhaust temperatures of combustor are lower than 700°C when MGT is operated under different conditions. In experiments, fuel pressure and mass flow rate, turbine rotational speed, generator power output, and temperature distribution were measured to analyze MGT performance. Experimental results indicate that the presented MGT system operates successfully under each tested condition when the minimum heating value of the simulated fuel is approximately 50% of pure methane. The power output is around 170 W at 85000 r/min as 90% CH 4 with 10% CO 2 is used and 70 W at 60000 r/min as 70% CH 4 with 30% CO 2 is used. When a critical limit of 60% CH 4 is used, the power output is extremely low. Furthermore, the best theoretical Brayton cycle efficiency for such MGT is calculated as 23% according to the experimental data while LHV fuel is used. Finally, the numerical results and experiment results reveal that MGT performance can be improved further and the possible solutions for performance improvement are suggested for the future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3565-3579
Number of pages15
JournalScience in China, Series E: Technological Sciences
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Annular micro gas turbine
  • Experiment investigations
  • Low heating values
  • Numerical analyses

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