Numerical algorithms for undamped gyroscopic systems

W. R. Ferng*, Wen-Wei Lin, Chern Shuh Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The solutions of a gyroscopic vibrating system oscillating about an equilibrium position, with no external applied forces and no damping forces, are completely determined by the quadratic eigenvalue problem (-λ2 iM + λiG + K)xi = 0, for i = 1, . . . , 2n, where M, G, and K are real n x n matrices, and M is symmetric positive definite (denoted by M > 0), G is skew symmetric, and either K > O or -K > 0. Gyroscopic system in motion about a stable equilibrium position (with -K > 0) are well understood. Two Lanczos-type algorithms, the pseudo skew symmetric Lanczos algorithm and the J-Lanczos algorithm, are studied for computing some extreme eigenpairs for solving gyroscopic systems in motion about an unstable equilibrium position (with K > 0). Shift and invert strategies, error bounds, implementation issues, and numerical results for both algorithms are presented in details.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-66
Number of pages18
JournalComputers and Mathematics with Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999


  • Generalized eigenvalue problem
  • Gyroscopic system
  • Hamiltonian matrix
  • Lanczos algorithm
  • Quadratic eigenvalue problem

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