Novel self-assembly of m-xylylene type dithioureas by head-to-tail hydrogen bonding

Tobe Yoshito*, Shin Ichi Sasaki, Masaaki Mizuno, Keiji Hirose, Koichiro Naemura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Dithiourea la self-assembles to form an orthogonal dimer structure both in solution and in the solid state, wherein the four thiourea groups establish a closed network of hydrogen bonds through a head-to-tail binding mode. This novel dimer structure was elucidated on the basis of 1 H NMR spectra, vapor pressure osmometry, and X-ray crystal structure analysis. Furthermore, a series of m-xylylene type dithioureas were synthesized and their dimerization constants (K a ) in CDCl 3 were determined by dilution experiments using 1 H NMR spectroscopy. The magnitude of the K a values are dependent on the steric bulk of the side chains, the acidity of the thiourea groups, and the weak intermolecular interaction between the benzene rings of the side chains and the m-xylylene spacer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7481-7489
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - 16 Oct 1998

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