Novel Reconfigurable Filtering Rat-Race Coupler, Branch-Line Coupler, and Multiorder Bandpass Filter with Frequency, Bandwidth, and Power Division Ratio Control

Xu Zhu, Tao Yang*, Pei Ling Chi, Ruimin Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, for the first time, a novel four-port coupler with reconfigurable multifunctions of filtering rat-race coupler (FRC), filtering branch-line coupler (FBC), and conventional single-ended two-port multipole bandpass filter (BPF) is proposed. It simply consists of four varactor-loaded stepped-impedance resonators that are arranged symmetrically. Through appropriate coupling-type (electrical coupling or magnetic coupling) conversion, 90° or -90° phase shift between the adjacent resonators can easily be obtained and works as a key factor in the transformation between different filtering coupler modes. With this simple configuration, the proposed coupler achieves reconfigurable FRC and FBC with not only operating frequency tuning over a wide tuning range but also bandwidth and power division ratios (PDRs) control for each filtering mode. In addition, by imposing open circuit at any two ports, the four-port coupler can be converted to the conventional single-ended two-port BPFs with reconfigurable filter orders of second, third, and fourth. The measured results show that the FRC and FBC can continuously cover the frequency ranges of 1.21-1.67 and 1.2-1.61 GHz with -1-dB bandwidth tuning of 60-120 and 55-110 MHz, respectively. The 3- and 6-dB PDRs have been demonstrated for both filtering coupler modes. In single-ended two-port BPF mode, the frequency tuning ranges are measured of 1.12-1.6, 1.16-1.6, and 1.2-1.61 GHz, respectively, for the proposed two-port second-, third-, and fourth-order BPFs. Measured and simulated results are in good agreement, validating the proposed design method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8948310
Pages (from-to)1496-1509
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Bandwidth tuning
  • Filtering branch-line (quadrature) coupler (FBC)
  • Filtering rat-race (hybrid) coupler (FRC)
  • Power division ratios (PDRs)
  • Reconfigurable coupler
  • Reconfigurable filter

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