Nonlinear Electrical Impedance Tomography Reconstruction Using Artificial Neural Networks and Particle Swarm Optimization

Sebastien Martin, T.m. Choi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is an imaging technology that offers the advantages of being noninvasive, and it does not generate ionizing radiation. The main difficulty in applying EIT is to solve an ill-posed nonlinear inverse problem. Given a set of electrical voltages measured at the surface of a volume conductor, the goal is to identify the materials that are present in the domain by determining their electrical conductivities. However, since EIT is a nonlinear problem, various algorithms proposed in the literature can only approximate real conductivity distributions. Nonlinear algorithms, especially artificial neural networks (ANNs), have been proposed to solve this inverse problem, but these algorithms are usually limited by slow convergence issues during the training phase. In this paper, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) method is used to train an ANN to solve the EIT problem. It has been found that, compared with the back-propagation algorithm, PSO is capable of generating both faster and higher convergence. This paper also shows that the proposed method is capable of dealing with noisy data and the imperfections in the finite-element discretization, an important source of errors in EIT imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7203904
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Artificial Neural Network
  • Electrical Impedance Tomography
  • Finite Element Method
  • Inverse Problems
  • Particle Swarm Optimization

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