Nonalloyed ohmic contacts to n-Si using a strained Si 0.50 Ge 0.50 buffer layer

Hsing Kuen Liou*, Edward S. Yang, King-Ning Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have grown an 80-Å-thick strained Si 0.50 Ge 0.50 layer on n-Si by molecular-beam epitaxy. The strained layer is used to lower the Schottky barrier height for making a nonalloyed shallow ohmic contact to the n-Si. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was employed to investigate the Si 2p and Ge 3d core-level binding energies of the strained and the relaxed Si 0.50 Ge 0.50 and to determine their relative Fermi-level positions. Rutherford backscattering and Auger depth profiling were employed to determine the contact reactions using Ti, W, or Pt as contact metals. In the case of Pt, a 500-Å W diffusion barrier can protect the ohmic behavior up to 550°C for 30 min. The specific contact resistance of the metal/Si 0.50 Ge 0.50 /n-Si contact extracted from the D-type cross-bridge Kelvin resistor was 3.5×10 -5 Ω cm 2 .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-913
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1993

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