New low band gap thiophene-phenylene-thiophene (TPT)-based donor-acceptor-donor random copolymers were synthesized for optoelectronic device applications by a palladium-catalyzed Stille coupling reaction under microwave heating. The acceptors included 2,3-bis(4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl)5,8- bis[5′-bromo-dithien-2-yl-quinoxalines] (DTQ) and 3,6-bis(5bromothiophen- 2-yl)-2,5-bis(2-ethyl-hexyl)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]-pyrrole1,4-dione (DPP). The prepared random copolymers were named as PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ 0.34DPPO0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 depending on the copolymer ratio. The optical band gaps (Eopt g) of PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ0.34DPP 0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 were 1.74, 1.56, and 1.48 eV, respectively. The hole mobility obtained from the field-effect transistor devices prepared from PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ 0.34DPP0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 were 2.2 x 10- 3, 2.4 x 10-3, and 4.7 x 10 -3cm2 V-1 s-1 respectively, with the on-off ratios of 4.0 x 104, 4.0 x 104, and 5.3 x 10 4. It suggested that the significant intramolecular charge transfer between the TPT and acceptor led to the band gap reduction and hole mobility enhancement Polymer solar cells of these TPT-based copolymers blended with 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl-[6,6]-C-71 (PC71BM) under illumination of AM 1.5G (100 mW cm-2) solar simulator exhibited a power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as 3.71%. Besides, the near-infrared photodetector device prepared from PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 showed a high external quantum efficiency exceeding 32% at 700 nm (under -3 V bias) and fast-speed response. This study suggests that the prepared TPT-based donoracceptor random copolymers exhibited promising and versatile applications on optoelectronic devices.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1 Jun 2010|
- Conjugated polymers
- Small band gap