New thiophene-phenylene-thiophene acceptor random conjugated copolymers for optoelectronic applications

Jung Hsun Tsai, Chu Chen Chueh, Wen Chang Chen*, Chao Ying Yu, Gue Wuu Hwang, Ching Ting, E. N.Chen Chen, Hsin-Fei Meng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

New low band gap thiophene-phenylene-thiophene (TPT)-based donor-acceptor-donor random copolymers were synthesized for optoelectronic device applications by a palladium-catalyzed Stille coupling reaction under microwave heating. The acceptors included 2,3-bis(4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl)5,8- bis[5′-bromo-dithien-2-yl-quinoxalines] (DTQ) and 3,6-bis(5bromothiophen- 2-yl)-2,5-bis(2-ethyl-hexyl)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]-pyrrole1,4-dione (DPP). The prepared random copolymers were named as PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ 0.34DPPO0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 depending on the copolymer ratio. The optical band gaps (Eopt g) of PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ0.34DPP 0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 were 1.74, 1.56, and 1.48 eV, respectively. The hole mobility obtained from the field-effect transistor devices prepared from PTPTDTQ0.55, PTPTDTQ 0.34DPP0.14, and PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 were 2.2 x 10- 3, 2.4 x 10-3, and 4.7 x 10 -3cm2 V-1 s-1 respectively, with the on-off ratios of 4.0 x 104, 4.0 x 104, and 5.3 x 10 4. It suggested that the significant intramolecular charge transfer between the TPT and acceptor led to the band gap reduction and hole mobility enhancement Polymer solar cells of these TPT-based copolymers blended with 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl-[6,6]-C-71 (PC71BM) under illumination of AM 1.5G (100 mW cm-2) solar simulator exhibited a power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as 3.71%. Besides, the near-infrared photodetector device prepared from PTPTDTQ0.26DPP0.34 showed a high external quantum efficiency exceeding 32% at 700 nm (under -3 V bias) and fast-speed response. This study suggests that the prepared TPT-based donoracceptor random copolymers exhibited promising and versatile applications on optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2351-2360
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Conjugated polymers
  • Copolymerization
  • Donoracceptor
  • FET
  • Photodetectors
  • Photovoltaics
  • Polycondensation
  • Small band gap

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