In high-voltage applications, large-array n-channel lateral DMOS (LA-nLDMOS) is usually required to provide high driving capability. However, without following the foundry-suggested electrostatic discharge (ESD) design guidelines in order to reduce total layout area, LA-nLDMOS is easily damaged once the parasitic bipolar junction transistor is triggered under ESD stresses. Accordingly, the bipolar triggering of LA-nLDMOS usually limits the ESD robustness of LA-nLDMOS, particularly in the open-drain structure. In this letter, a new layout arrangement for LA-nLDMOS has been proposed to suppress the bipolar triggering under ESD stresses. Measurement results in a 0.5-μm 16-V bipolar CMOS DMOS process have confirmed that the new proposed layout arrangement can successfully increase the human-body-model ESD level of the LA-nLDMOS with effective width of 3000 μm from the original 0.75 kV up to 2.75 kV.
- Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
- Lateral DMOS (LDMOS)
- Open drain