In this letter, nanoscale p-MOS TFTs with a TiN gate electrode were realized using a novel microwave (MW) dopant-activation technique. We compared both low-temperature MW annealing and rapid thermal annealing. We successfully activated the source/drain region and suppressed the short-channel effects using low-temperature MW annealing. This technique is promising from the viewpoint of realizing high-performance and low-cost upper layer nanoscale transistors required for low-temperature 3-D integrated circuit fabrication.
- Low temperature
- Metal gate
- Microwave (MW) anneal
- Rapid thermal annealing (RTA)