Silane-modified amphiphilic chitosan was synthesized by anchoring a silane coupling agent, (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, to a novel amphiphilic carboxymethyl-hexanoyl chitosan (CHC). The chemical structure of this new organic-inorganic hybrid molecule was characterized by FTIR and 13C-, 29Si-nuclear magnetic resonance, while the structural evolution was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Experimental results indicated a self-assembly behaviour of molecules into nanoparticles with a stable polygonal geometry, consisting of ordered silane layers of 6 nm in thickness. The self-assembly property was found to be influenced by chemical composition and concentration of silane incorporated, while the size can be varied by the amount of anchored silane. It was also demonstrated that such vesicle exhibited excellent cytocompatibility and cellular internalization capability in ARPE-19 cell line, and presented well-controlled encapsulation and release profiles for (S)-(+)-camptothecin. These unique properties render it as a potential drug delivery nanosystem.
- Drug delivery systems