Multilayer wick structure of loop heat pipe

Qingjun Cai, Chung-Lung Chen, Julie F. Asfia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Loop heat pipe (LHP) is known as a two-phase heat transfer device that utilizes the evaporation and condensation of an operating fluid to transfer heat. At the LHP low operating temperatures, heat leakage induced by saturated temperature differences between the evaporator and compensation chamber is more serious than at high operating temperatures, due to inherent thermophysical properties of the operating liquid. The serious heat leakage at the low operating temperature not only causes high liquid subcooling requirement but also leads to high total temperature difference and degraded heat transfer performance. In this paper, research efforts are placed on reducing the heat leakage by introducing a multilayer wick structure into the LHP. Based on the previous research results of LHP non-metallic wick structures, the multilayer wick LHP combines advantages of both metallic and non-metallic wick structures, retains good heat conduction from the evaporator case to the liquid/vapor interface and inhibits the reverse heat transfer from the interface to compensation chamber. By demonstrating the concept on a methanol LHP, experimental results exhibit a significant enhancement in reducing heat leakage and the total heat transfer resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Aerospace Technology
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)0791842959
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007
EventASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007 - Seattle, United States
Duration: 11 Nov 200715 Nov 2007

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)


ConferenceASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007
CountryUnited States


  • Heat leakage
  • Loop heat pipe
  • Wick structure

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