In terms of the multifractal analysis, we investigate the characteristics of the instantaneous normal modes (INMs) at two mobility edges (MEs) of a simple fluid, where the locations of the MEs in the INM spectrum were identified in a previous work. The mass exponents and the singularity spectrum of the INMs are obtained by the box-size and system-size scalings under the typical average. The INM eigenvectors at a ME exhibit a multifractal nature and the multifractal INMs at each ME yield the same results in generalized fractal dimensions and singularity spectrum. Our results indicate that the singularity spectrum of the multifractal INMs agrees well with that of the Anderson model at the critical disorder. This good agreement provides numerical evidence for the universal multifractality at the localization-delocalization transition. For the multifractal INMs, the probability density function and the spatial correlation function of the squared vibrational amplitudes are also calculated. The relation between the probability density function and the singularity spectrum is examined numerically, so are the relations between the critical exponents of the spatial correlation function and the mass exponents of the multifractal INMs.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 29 Nov 2010|