Methods based on multi-station recordings are presented for constructing the experimental dispersion curve of Rayleigh waves. Multi-station recording permits a single survey of a broad depth range, high levels of redundancy with a single field configuration, and the ability to adjust the offset, effectively reducing near field and far field effects. A method based on the linear regression of phase angles measured at multiple stations is introduced for determining data quality and filtering criteria. This method becomes a powerful tool for on site quality control in real time. The effects of multiple modes and survey line parameters, such as near offset, receiver spacing, and offset range, are investigated. Parametric studies result in general guidelines for the field data acquisition. A case study demonstrates how to easily deploy commonplace seismic refraction equipment to simultaneously record data for P-wave tomographic interpretation and multi-station analysis of surface wave.
- Shear-wave velocity
- Surace wave