Methods: Using an optical mapping system, action potential duration (APD)/conduction velocity restitutions and thresholds of APD alternans were determined by S1 pacing in Langendorff-perfused isolated rabbit hearts. In the MHgroup (n = 7), S1 pacing was performed at baseline (37 °C), after 5-minMH, and after 5-min rewarming (37 °C). In the SH group (n = 9), pacing was also performed at baseline (37 °C), after 5-min SH, and after 5-min rewarming (37 °C). The thresholds of APD alternans were defined as the longest S1 pacing cycle length at which APD alternans were detected.
Results: Although the thresholds of APD alternans were not different between the MH (273 ± 46 ms) and the SH (300 ± 35 ms) (p = 0.281) groups, SDA threshold was shorter (at a faster heart rate) during MH (228 ± 33 ms) than that during SH (289 ± 42 ms) (p = 0.028). At APD alternans threshold, SH hearts showedmore SDA than that during MH (SH: 7 hearts, MH: 2 hearts, p = 0.049). SDA could be induced in all 9 SH hearts (100%), while only 4 MH hearts (57%) had SDA (p = 0.029). The PIVF inducibility during SH (44 ± 53%) was higher than that during MH (0%) (p = 0.043).
Conclusions: Compared with SH, the MH group showed greater attenuation of SDA and decreased the susceptibility of PIVF. Therefore,MH is safer as a procedural guideline for use in clinical therapeutic hypothermia than SH.
Background: Severe hypothermia (SH, 30 °C) increases the risk of pacing-induced ventricular fibrillation (PIVF) by enhancing spatially discordant alternans (SDA). Whether moderate hypothermia (MH, 33 °C), which is clinically used for therapeutic hypothermia, also facilitates SDA remains unclear.We hypothesized thatMH attenuates SDA occurrence compared with that achieved by SH, and decreases the susceptibility of PIVF.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Acta Cardiologica Sinica|
|State||Published - 1 Sep 2014|
- Cardiac alternans
- Conduction velocity
- Optical mapping