Mn-doping induced ferromagnetism and enhanced superconductivity in Bi4-xMnx O4 S3 (0.075≤x≤0.15)

Zhenjie Feng, Xunqing Yin, Yiming Cao, Xianglian Peng, Tian Gao, Chuan Yu, Jingzhe Chen, Baojuan Kang, Bo Lu, Juan Guo, Qing Li, Wei Shiuan Tseng, Zhongquan Ma, Chao Jing, Shixun Cao, Jincang Zhang, N. C. Yeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate that Mn doping in the layered sulfides Bi4O4S3 leads to stable Bi4-xMnxO4S3 compounds that exhibit both long-range ferromagnetism and enhanced superconductivity for 0.075≤x≤0.15, with a possible record superconducting transition temperature (Tc) ∼15 K among all BiS2-based superconductors. We conjecture that the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism may be attributed to Mn doping in the spacer Bi2O2 layers away from the superconducting BiS2 layers, whereas the enhancement of Tc may be due to excess electron transfer to BiS2 from the Mn4+/Mn3+ substitutions in Bi2O2. This notion is empirically corroborated by the increased electron-carrier densities upon Mn doping, and by further studies of the Bi4-xAxO4S3 compounds (A = Co, Ni; x=0.1, 0.125), where the Tc values remain comparable to that of the undoped Bi4O4S3 system (∼4.5 K) due to lack of 4+ valences in either Co or Ni ions for excess electron transfer to the BiS2 layers. These findings therefore shed new light on feasible pathways to enhance the Tc values of BiS2-based superconductors, although complete elucidation of the interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism in these anisotropic layered compounds awaits the development of single crystalline materials for further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064522
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Aug 2016

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