Microwave dielectric properties of glass-ceramic composites for low temperature co-firable ceramics

Chung Chin Cheng, Tsung-Eong Hsien, I. Nan Lin

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83 Scopus citations


Ba-B-Si glass was added to Ba-Nd-Sm-Bi-Ti-O (BRT 114 ) microwave dielectric material for LTCC applications. Conventional one-step processing method for preparing glass-BRT 114 composite materials yields low dielectric constant, since the glass was easy to react with BRT 114 and forms a low dielectric constant phase, Ba 3 B 6 Si 2 O 16 . A large proportion of pores appeared. The nature of glass, whether it is sol-gel derived or fused, shows marked influence on the microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of the composites. A two-step process containing precoating the BRT 114 powders with a thin layer of glass, followed by conventional samples preparation process, tremendously improved the densification behaviour of the material. The formation of pores and interactions between glass and BRT 114 was greatly suppressed such that materials with high dielectric constant (ε r =40) were achieved by sintering 9 wt.% glass-containing composite at 950°C for 2.5 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2553-2558
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • BRT
  • Glass ceramics
  • LTCC materials
  • Microwave ceramics

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