Mechanistic insights into photodegradation of organic dyes using heterostructure photocatalysts

Yi Hsuan Chiu, Tso Fu Mark Chang*, Chun Yi Chen, Masato Sone, Yung-Jung Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

153 Scopus citations


Due to its low cost, environmentally friendly process, and lack of secondary contamination, the photodegradation of dyes is regarded as a promising technology for industrial wastewater treatment. This technology demonstrates the light-enhanced generation of charge carriers and reactive radicals that non-selectively degrade various organic dyes into water, CO2, and other organic compounds via direct photodegradation or a sensitization-mediated degradation process. The overall efficiency of the photocatalysis system is closely dependent upon operational parameters that govern the adsorption and photodegradation of dye molecules, including the initial dye concentration, pH of the solution, temperature of the reaction medium, and light intensity. Additionally, the charge-carrier properties of the photocatalyst strongly affect the generation of reactive species in the heterogeneous photodegradation and thereby dictate the photodegradation efficiency. Herein, this comprehensive review discusses the pseudo kinetics and mechanisms of the photodegradation reactions. The operational factors affecting the photodegradation of either cationic or anionic dye molecules, as well as the charge-carrier properties of the photocatalyst, are also fully explored. By further analyzing past works to clarify key active species for photodegradation reactions and optimal conditions, this review provides helpful guidelines that can be applied to foster the development of efficient photodegradation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number430
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2019


  • Anionic dye
  • Cationic dye
  • Direct photoderadation
  • Quantum yield
  • Sensitization-mediated degradation

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