Mechanism of Electrochemical Deposition and Coloration of Electrochromic V2O5 Nano Thin Films: an In Situ X-Ray Spectroscopy Study

Ying Rui Lu, Tzung Zing Wu, Chi Liang Chen, Da Hau Wei, Jeng Lung Chen, Wu-Ching Chou, Chung Li Dong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Electrochromic switching devices have elicited considerable attention because these thin films are among the most promising materials for energy-saving applications. The vanadium oxide system is simple and inexpensive because only a single-layer film of this material is sufficient for coloration. Vanadium dioxide thin films are fabricated by electrochemical deposition and cyclic voltammetry. Chronoamperometric analyses have indicated that the thin V2O5 film demonstrates faster intercalation and deintercalation of lithium ions than those of the thick V2O5 film, benefiting the coloration rate. Despite substantial research on the synthesis of vanadium oxides, the monitoring of electronic and atomic structures during growth and coloration of such material has not been thoroughly examined. In the present study, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is employed to determine the electronic and atomic structures of V2O5 thin films during electrochemical growth and then electrochromic coloration. In situ XAS results demonstrate the growth mechanism of the electrodeposited V2O5 thin film and suggest that its electrochromic performance strongly depends on the local atomic structure. This study improves our understanding of the electronic and atomic properties of the vanadium oxide system grown by electrochemical deposition and enhances the design of electrochromic materials for potential energy-saving applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number387
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Electrochromism
  • In situ X-ray spectroscopy study
  • VO thin films

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