To identify the disease locus of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) in a Chinese family, a genetic linkage study was performed using polymorphisms from various chromosomal regions. This family has eight affected members, including a case with typical features of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the Japanese type. The results revealed significant evidence of linkage of polymorphisms on chromosome 11p13-q13 and FHC in this family with a maximal lod score of 3.38 at θ = 0.00. Our data suggest that the locus responsible for FHC in this family maps to chromosome 11 and that the molecular basis of FHC in the case of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the Japanese type might be similar to that of other affected members in the same family. Further studies are needed to elucidate the whole spectrum of the genetic basis of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the Japanese type.