Many-to-one boundary labeling

Chun-Cheng Lin, Hao Jen Kao, Hsu Chun Yen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In boundary labeling, each point site is uniquely connected to a label placed on the boundary of an enclosing rectangle by a leader, which may be a rectilinear or straight line segment. To our knowledge, all the results reported in the literature for boundary labeling deal with the so-called one-to-one boundary labeling, i.e., different sites are labelled differently. In certain applications of boundary labeling, however, more than one site may be required to be connected to a common label. In this case, the presence of crossings among leaders often becomes inevitable. Minimiz- ing the total number of crossings in boundary labeling becomes a critical design issue as crossing is often regarded as the main source of confu- sion in visualization. In this paper, we consider the crossing minimiza- tion problem for multi-site-to-one-label boundary labeling, i.e., finding the placements of labels and leaders such that the total number of crossings among leaders is minimized. We show the crossing minimization problem to be NP-complete under certain one-side and two-side labeling schemes. Subsequently, approximation algorithms or heuristics are derived for the above intractable problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-356
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2008

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Many-to-one boundary labeling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this