In this paper we computationally examine the magnetization and the magnetic susceptibility for vertically coupled quantum rings (VCQRs) under applied magnetic fields. The theoretical model of VCQRs considers a three-dimensional (3D) effective one-electronic-band Hamiltonian with the position- and energy-dependent effective mass, the finite hard-wall confinement potential, and the Ben Daniel-Duke boundary condition. The nonlinear iterative method is applied to solve the problem in the structure of VCQRs. For the structure formed with nanoscale disk-shaped InAs/GaAs quantum rings, the the tunable states of structure as well as the electron transition energy is dominated by the radius of ring (R) and the inter-distance (d) between quantum rings. The electron energy oscillates non-periodically among the lowest electron states as a function of external magnetic fields due to the penetration of magnetic fields into the inter-regions of VCQRs. The magnetization of VCQRs at zero temperature is non-periodical oscillation and the period of jump is governed by R. Therefore, the differential susceptibility of VCQRs has delta-like paramagnetic peaks. When d is increased, the peak is decreased which is contrary to conventional mesoscopic arguments. Our investigation is constructive for studying the magneto-optical phenomena of the nanoscale semiconductor artificial molecules.
- Electron transition energy
- Magnetic field effects
- Magnetic susceptibility
- Modeling and simulation
- Semiconductor artificial molecules
- Vertically coupled quantum rings