Magnetic domain studies of La0.7Sr0.3Mn3 film deposited on SrLaAl3 (0 0 1) substrate

Chi Ching Liu*, Pei Yuan Chu, Yao Wei Chiang, Jenh-Yih Juang, Shien Uang Jen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Epitaxial 120 nm La0.7Sr0.3Mn3 (LSMO) compressively strained thin films were deposited on single-crystalline SrLaAl3(0 0 1) (SLAO) substrates by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method. From the x-ray diffraction study, we confirmed that the c-axis of the LSMO crystal pointed out of the film plane. Two kinds of magnetic experiments were performed on the film: (i) the in-plane (field and the out-of-plane (field magnetic hysteresis loop measurements and (ii) magnetic force microscopy scans. We have proved from both theory and experiment that the LSMO film should exhibit the weak and tilted perpendicular magnetic anisotropy at room temperature (RT), that is, the easy axis (EA) is tilted relative to the film normal by an angle θo ≒ 37°, when the film is in the demagnetized state. The magnetic domain (MD) structure of the demagnetized LSMO film showed a maze-like pattern. Although from the in-plane hysteresis loop, HP = 600 Oe seems large enough to saturate the film, the corresponding MD structure was not in a single-domain state. Instead, there were two types of MDs: the canted MD and the saturated MD. The MD patterns of the LSMO film between the demagnetized and the remanent states were different. In addition, there were double-switch phenomena in the out-of-plane hysteresis loop. When |H N| ≅ 140 Oe, a transition of the MD pattern from the maze-like to the closure (or dense-stripe) type occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Article number255001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number25
StatePublished - 26 Jun 2013

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