Autophagy orchestrates programmed cell death via crossroads of complex vesicle trafficking including autophagosome and lysosome interaction. Phafin1, an endosome proteins composed of Pleckstrin homology (PH) and Fab1-YotB-Vac1p-EEA1 (FYVE) domain membrane-binding domains, is involved in caspase-independent apoptosis. We report here that the increased expression of phafin1 and its FYVE domain caused the formation of enlarged endosomes. Phafin1 also modulates the membrane density of certain receptors and participates in endocytosis and autophagy processes. The PH-domain of phafin1 is dispensable for lysosomal targeting. Moreover, the tail-domain of phafin1 provides lysosomal targeting signature and the ability to induce autophagy that is mediated by Rab7 signaling. The results suggest that in addition to its role in endosome transport, phafin1 is also involved in lysosomal targeting and autophagosome formation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 6 Jan 2012|
- FYVE domain