The flip-chip light-emitting diodes (FC-LEDs) with geometric sapphire shaping structure were investigated. The sapphire shaping structure was formed on the bottom side of the sapphire substrate by a chemical wet etching technique for light extraction purpose. The crystallography-etched facets were (1010) M-plane, (1102) R-plane, and (1120) A-plane against the (0001) c-axis with the angles range between 29° ∼ 60°. These large slope oblique sidewalls are useful for light extraction efficiency enhancement. The light-output power of sapphire shaping FC-LEDs was increased 55% (at 350-mA current injection) compared to that of conventional FC-LEDs.
- Flip-chip light-emitting diodes (FC-LEDs)
- Geometric sapphire shaping
- Oblique sidewall
- Sapphire wet etching