Location and number of selenium atoms in two-dimensional conjugated polymers affect their band-gap energies and photovoltaic performance

Jian Ming Jiang, Putikam Raghunath, Hsi Kuei Lin, Yu Che Lin, Ming-Chang Lin, Kung-Hwa Wei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We synthesized and characterized a series of novel two-dimensional Se-atom-substituted donor (D)-π-acceptor (A) conjugated polymers-PBDTTTBO, PBDTTTBS, PBDTTSBO, PBDTSTBO, PBDTTSBS, PBDTSTBS, PBDTSSBO, and PBDTSSBS-featuring benzodithiophene (BDT) as the donor, thiophene (T) as the π-bridge, and 2,1,3-benzooxadiazole (BO) as the acceptor with different number of Se atoms at different π-conjugated locations, including the π-bridge, side chain, and electron-withdrawing units. We then systematically investigated the effect of different locations and the number of Se atoms in these two-dimensional conjugated polymers on the structural, optical, and electronics such as band-gap energies of the resulting polymers, as determined through quantum-chemical calculations, UV-vis absorption spectra, and grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction. We found that through the rational structural modification of the 2-D conjugated Se-substituted polymers the resulting PCEs could vary over 3-fold (from 2.4 to 7.6%), highlighting the importance of careful selection of appropriate chemical structures such as the location of Se atoms when designing efficient D-π-A polymers for use in solar cells. Among these tested BO-containing polymers, PBDTSTBO that has moderate band gaps and good open-circuit voltages (up to 0.86 V) when mixed with PC71BM (1:2, w/w) provided the highest power conversion efficiency (7.6%) in a single-junction polymer solar cell, suggesting that these polymers have potential applicability as donor materials in the bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7070-7080
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecules
Volume47
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2014

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