Liquidus projection of the Ag-Sn-Te ternary system

Jui Shen Chang, Sinn Wen Chen*, Kuo Chun Chiu, Hsin-Jay Wu, Jee Jay Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The Ag-Sn-Te ternary system is of interest to thermoelectric applications and its liquidus projection is determined in this study. Forty Ag-Sn-Te ternary alloys are prepared and their primary solidification phases are determined. These different primary solidification phase regions include three terminal solid solutions: Ag, Sn, and Te; six binary intermediate phases: SnTe, β-Ag5Te3, Ag1.9Te, Ag2Te (assuming no phase transformation), ζ-Ag4Sn, and ε-Ag 3Sn; and one ternary compound, AgSnTe2. These data, together with the phase diagrams of the three constituent binary systems, are employed to construct the univariant lines of the liquidus projection. The temperature-descending directions of these univariant lines are determined using thermal analysis results and mass balance concept. The types of invariant reactions and the reaction temperatures are determined from the temperature-descending directions of the univariant lines and by thermal analysis. There are two Class I reactions, five Class II reactions, and one Class III reaction. The invariant reaction with the highest reaction temperature is L + Ag = Ag2Te + ε-Ag3Sn, at 992.7 ± 4K (719.5 ± 4 °C), and that with the lowest reaction temperature is L = Sn + ε-Ag3Sn + SnTe, at 494.2 ± 4K (221 ± 2 °C).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3728-3740
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

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