Liquid crystalline conjugated polymers and their applications in organic electronics

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Abstract

This article describes the syntheses and electro- optical applications of liquid crystalline (LC) conjugated polymers, for example, poly(p-phenylene vinylene), polyfluorene, polythio-phene, and other conjugated polymers. The polymerization involves several mechanisms: the Gilch route, Heck coupling, or Knoevenagel condensation for poly(p-phenylenevinylene)s, the Suzuki- or Yamamoto-coupling reaction for polyfluorenes, and miscellaneous coupling reactions for other conjugated polymers. These LC conjugated polymers are classified into two types: conjugated main chain polymers with long alkyl side chains, namely main-chain type LC polymers, and conjugated polymers grafting with mesogenic side groups, namely side-chain type LC conjugated polymers. In general, the former shows higher transition temperature and only nematic phase; the latter possesses lower transition temperature and more mesophases, for example, smectic and nematic phases, depending on the structure of mesogenic side chains. The fully conjugated main chain promises them as good candidates for polarized electroluminescent or field- effect devices. The polarized emission can be obtained by surface rubbing or thermal annealing in liquid crystalline phase, with maximum dichroic ratio more than 20. In addition, conjugated oligomers with LC properties are also included and discussed in this article. Several oligo-fluorene derivatives show outstanding polarized emission properties and potential use in LCD backlight application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2713-2733
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Conducting polymers
  • Conjugated polymers
  • Field effect transistor
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Liquid crystalline
  • Liquid-crystalline polymers (LCP)
  • Polarized electroluminescence
  • Poly-(p-phenylenevinylene)
  • Polyfluorene
  • Polythio-phene

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