Linear restoration of block-transform-coded motion video

Shun F. Yang*, David W. Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Block-based transform coding employing the discrete cosine transform (DCT) is a popular technique in image and video compression. We consider Wiener-filter-based restoration for transform-coded images and motion video. The scheme operates at the decoder end. It capitalizes on the residual correlation among quantized DCT coefficients and the quantization errors. The scheme, termed error pattern compensation or EPC in short, is derived by simplifying and extending related work of other researchers. When applied to motion video, it is activated for intraframe-coded macroblocks only. It first classifies an encoded image block according to some visually meaningful features and vector quantization. Different Wiener filters can be designed for different classes of input blocks. Experimental results show that the scheme yields performance improvement in the range of a few percent in MSE or PSNR. It is more effective in restoring image blocks with greater quantizing distortion. Results also show that intraframe-coded pictures usually benefit the most from EPC, followed by predictive-coded pictures and then by bidirectional-predictive-coded pictures. At times, the last two types of pictures show performance degradation rather than gain. Possible reasons are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1274-1284
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1997
EventVisual Communications and Image Processing '97 - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 12 Feb 199712 Feb 1997


  • Image restoration
  • Video sequence coding
  • Wiener filtering

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