Lateral amorphous selenium metal-insulator-semiconductor-insulator-metal photodetectors using ultrathin dielectric blocking layers for dark current suppression

Cheng Yi Chang, Fu-Ming Pan*, Jian Siang Lin, Tung Yuan Yu, Yi Ming Li, Chieh Yang Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We fabricated amorphous selenium (a-Se) photodetectors with a lateral metal-insulator-semiconductor-insulator-metal (MISIM) device structure. Thermal aluminum oxide, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposited silicon nitride, and thermal atomic layer deposited (ALD) aluminum oxide and hafnium oxide (ALD-HfO2) were used as the electron and hole blocking layers of the MISIM photodetectors for dark current suppression. A reduction in the dark current by three orders of magnitude can be achieved at electric fields between 10 and 30 V/μm. The effective dark current suppression is primarily ascribed to electric field lowering in the dielectric layers as a result of charge trapping in deep levels. Photogenerated carriers in the a-Se layer can be transported across the blocking layers to the Al electrodes via Fowler-Nordheim tunneling because a high electric field develops in the ultrathin dielectric layers under illumination. Since the a-Se MISIM photodetectors have a very low dark current without significant degradation in the photoresponse, the signal contrast is greatly improved. The MISIM photodetector with the ALD-HfO2 blocking layer has an optimal signal contrast more than 500 times the contrast of the photodetector without a blocking layer at 15 V/μm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234501
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume120
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Dec 2016

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