Large improvement in image rejection of double-quadrature dual-conversion low-IF architectures

Jin Siang Syu*, Chin-Chun Meng, Ya Hui Teng, Hua Yu Liao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The reasons for a degradation of image-rejection performance in double-quadrature-double-quadrature and single-quadrature-double-quadrature dual-conversion low-IF downconverters are fully discussed in this paper. Polyphase filters (PPFs) are inserted at proper positions to minimize the effects of device/signal mismatches, and thus improve the image rejection without calibration. Both a 0.35-μm SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistor 5.2-GHz double-quadrature-double-quadrature downconverter with an RF PPF and a 0.18-μm CMOS 2.2/4.8-GHz single-quadrature-double-quadrature downconverter with a switched-band low-noise amplifier (LNA) and a narrowband inter-stage PPF are demonstrated. Compared with our previous work, the 5.2-GHz downconverter achieves a 15-dB improvement in image-rejection ratio (IRR) of the first image signal (IRR1) even without a pre-selection filter or LNA. Additionally, the dual-band downconverter has a 25-dB improvement in IRR of the second image signal (IRR2), which nearly reaches the theoretical limit of a four-stage PPF covering 20-40 MHz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5471048
Pages (from-to)1703-1712
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number7 PART 1
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2010


  • Dual conversion
  • Hartley architecture
  • Image rejection
  • Low IF
  • Polyphase filter (PPF)
  • Weaver architecture

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