Label-Free Optical Microscope Based on a Phase-Modulated Femtosecond Pump-Probe Approach with Subdiffraction Resolution

Amir Fathi, Chao Yu Chung, Yuan Pern Lee, Eric Wei Guang Diau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A far-field optical microscope (OM) is a powerful noninvasive, nondestructive tool to study sub-micrometer structures and organisms, which has been used for decades to study the interactions between light and matter in the spatial domain. We report here a sophisticated label-free OM method with superspatial resolution to visualize ZnO nanoparticles. Of three femtosecond pulses, two served as pumps at 1000 nm and the other one served as a probe at 774 nm. The two pumps (one of Gaussian shape and the other of toroidal shape) were generated with a phase difference of 180°. When the conventional pump-probe approach was used in the absence of a second toroidal pump, a ZnO nanoparticle was observed to show a particle size of 445 nm because of the limit of diffraction. In contrast, when the second toroidal pump was applied out of phase, the obtained OM image showed a ZnO nanoparticle down to 96 nm. We demonstrated for the first time that the reported phase-modulated pump-probe approach has an ability for spatial resolution beyond its optical diffraction limit and a potential for label-free imaging applications in nanomaterials and life sciences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • laser scanning microscope
  • optical microscopy
  • pump-probe imaging
  • super-resolution
  • ultrafast microscopy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Label-Free Optical Microscope Based on a Phase-Modulated Femtosecond Pump-Probe Approach with Subdiffraction Resolution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this