Kinetics of Cu3Ge formation and reaction with Al

J. S. Huang*, S. S. Huang, King-Ning Tu, F. Deng, S. S. Lau, S. L. Cheng, L. J. Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

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7 Scopus citations


Cu3Ge films have been found to have a low resistivity, good adhesion on SiO2, good thermal stability on Si, and good oxidation resistance. It has the potential as an ideal adhesion/barrier/ passivation layer for Cu ultralarge scale integration metallization. The kinetics of Cu3Ge formation and the thermal stability of Cu3Ge against Al were studied by in situ resistivity measurement, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, and transmission electron microscopy. We found that Cu reacted with Ge in the temperature range of 100-200°C. The activation energy of the Cu-Ge compound formation was found to be 1.1±0.1 eV. The Cu-Ge compound was identified as ε-Cu3Ge from transmission electron microscope diffraction patterns. Upon annealing the ε-Cu3Ge became unstable on Al at the temperature range of 300-350°C. In the reaction between Al and Cu3Ge, Cu preferentially reacted with Al to form an ε-Al2Cu3 compound. The activation energy of formation of the Al-Cu compound was found to be 2.1±0.1 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)644-649
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jul 1997

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