Is energy pooling necessary in ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization?

Hou Yu Lin, Botao Song, I. Chung Lu, Kuo Tung Hsu, Chih Yu Liao, Yin Yu Lee, Chien-Ming Tseng, Yuan Tseh Lee, Chi Kung Ni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Rationale Energy pooling has been suggested as the key process for generating the primary ions during ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (UV-MALDI). In previous studies, decreases in fluorescence quantum yields as laser fluence increased for 2-aminobenzoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB), and 3-hydroxypicolinic acid were used as evidence of energy pooling. This work extends the research to other matrices and addresses whether energy pooling is a universal property in UV-MALDI. Methods Energy pooling was investigated in a time-resolved fluorescence experiment by using a short laser pulse (355 nm, 20 ps pulse width) for excitation and a streak camera (1 ps time resolution) for fluorescence detection. Results The excited-state lifetime of 2,5-DHB decreased with increases in laser fluence. This suggests that a reaction occurs between two excited molecules, and that energy pooling may be one of the possible reactions. However, the excited-state lifetime of 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP) did not change with increases in laser fluence. The upper limit of the energy pooling rate constant for THAP is estimated to be approximately 100-500 times smaller than that of 2,5-DHB. Conclusions The small energy pooling rate constant for THAP indicates that the potential contribution of the energy pooling mechanism to the generation of THAP matrix primary ions should be reconsidered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2014

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