Ionic liquid electrolytes for high-voltage rechargeable Li/LiNi 0.5Mn1.5O4 cells

Nithinai Wongittharom, Tai Chou Lee, I. Ming Hung, Sheng Wei Lee, Yi Chen Wang, Jeng-Kuei Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A high-voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material with a cubic spinel structure is synthesized using a citric-acid-assisted sol-gel process. Butylmethylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMP-TFSI)-based ionic liquids (ILs) with various kinds of Li salts, namely LiTFSI, LiPF6, and their mixtures, are used as electrolytes for Li/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cells. The IL electrolytes show high thermal stability (>400 °C) and non-flammability, and are thus ideal for high-safety applications. At 25 °C, LiTFSI is more suitable than LiPF6 as an IL electrolyte in terms of cell capacity, rate capability, and cyclic stability. The IL electrolytes clearly outperform the conventional organic electrolytes at 50 °C, since the latter decomposes at high voltage and corrodes both the Al current collector and LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, degrading the electrode performance. At such an elevated temperature, using LiPF6 to partially substitute LiTFSI in the IL electrolyte can effectively suppress Al pitting corrosion and thus improves the cell performance. In the 0.4 M LiTFSI/0.6 M LiPF6 mixed-salt IL electrolyte, an LiNi 0.5Mn1.5O4 discharge capacity of 115 mA h g-1 (at 0.1 C) is obtained at 50 °C with a high cell voltage of ∼4.7 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3613-3620
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ionic liquid electrolytes for high-voltage rechargeable Li/LiNi <sub>0.5</sub>Mn<sub>1.5</sub>O<sub>4</sub> cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this