Investigation of the semi-dimple vortex generator applicable to fin-and-tube heat exchangers

Chi-Chuan Wang*, Kuan Yu Chen, Yur Tsai Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examines the air side performance of the fin-and-tube heat exchangers having semi-dimple vortex generator or plain fin geometry. A total of eight samples are made and tested with the corresponding fin pitch (Fp) being 1.6 mm and 2.0 mm and the number of tube row (N) are 1 and 2. The inlet air flow direction is also being tested upon the proposed semi-dimple VG. Test results indicate that the heat transfer performance of the proposed semi-dimple VG with N = 1 at a smaller fin pitch of 1.6 mm is slightly higher than that of plain fin geometry. For N = 1 with a larger fin pitch of 2.0 mm, the semi-dimple VG is about 10% higher than that of plain fin geometry. The difference in heat transfer performance amid VG and plain fin geometry becomes more pronounced with N = 2 and is especially evident when Fp = 2.0 mm due to mixing contribution. In general, the difference between plain and semi-dimple geometry becomes more conspicuous at a larger fin pitch because of the comparatively effectively swirled motion. Both geometries show a dependence on fin pitch at N = 1 but the effect is almost negligible when N is increased to 2. The inlet air flow direction casts negligible influence on the heat transfer performance of semi-dimple VG. However, the friction factors for the opposite air flow operation is lower than that of normal operation, especially in low Reynolds number region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume88
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Fin-and-tube heat exchanger
  • Heat transfer
  • Semi-dimple
  • Vortex generator

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