Inverted-conical light guide for crosstalk reduction in tightly-packed scintillator matrix and MAPMT assembly

Y. Y. Chang*, C. R. Chen, P. Chen, J. J. Huang, M. A. Huang, T. C. Liu, J. W. Nam, M. Z. Wang, V. Bogomolov, S. Brandt, C. Budtz-Jørgensen, A. J. Castro-Tirado, H. S. Choi, P. H. Connell, C. Eyles, S. Jeong, J. E. Kim, M. B. Kim, S. W. Kim, J. LeeH. Lim, K. W. Min, M. I. Panasyuk, I. H. Park, V. Petrov, V. Reglero, J. Řípa, J. M. Rodrigo, S. Svertilov, I. Yashin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper we present the Inverted-Conical light guide designed for optical crosstalk reduction in the scintillator-MAPMT assemblies. The research was motivated by the 30% crosstalk observed in UFFO X-ray telescope, UBAT, during the preliminary calibration with MAPMTs of 64 2.88 × 2.88 mm2 pixels and identically gridded YSO crystal matrices. We began the study with the energy and crosstalk calibrations of the detector, then we constructed a GEANT4 simulation with the customized metallic film model as the MAPMT photocathode. The simulation reproduced more than 70% of the crosstalk and explained it as a consequence of the total reflection produced by the photocathode. The result indicated that the crosstalk mechanism could be a common case in most of the contact-assembled scintillation detectors. The concept of the Inverted-Conical light guide was to suppress the total reflection by contracting the incident angle of the scintillation. We optimized the design in the simulation and fabricated a test sample. The test sample reduced 52% crosstalk with a loss of 6% signal yield. The idea of the Inverted-Conical light guide can be adapted by scintillation detectors multi-pixel, imaging-purpose scintillation detectors such as the ultra-fast GRB observatory UFFO-UBAT, whose performances are sensitive to responding time, image resolution, and geometrical modifications.

Keywords

  • Crosstalk
  • GEANT4 simulation
  • Light guide
  • MAPMT
  • YSO

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    Chang, Y. Y., Chen, C. R., Chen, P., Huang, J. J., Huang, M. A., Liu, T. C., Nam, J. W., Wang, M. Z., Bogomolov, V., Brandt, S., Budtz-Jørgensen, C., Castro-Tirado, A. J., Choi, H. S., Connell, P. H., Eyles, C., Jeong, S., Kim, J. E., Kim, M. B., Kim, S. W., ... Yashin, I. (2015). Inverted-conical light guide for crosstalk reduction in tightly-packed scintillator matrix and MAPMT assembly. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 771, 55-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.037