Interfacial reactions between high-Pb solders and Ag

Chi Pu Lin, Chih Ming Chen*, Yee Wen Yen, Hsin-Jay Wu, Sinn Wen Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Interfacial reactions between high-Pb solders (Pb-10Sn, Pb-5Sn, and Pb-3Sn, in wt.%) and immersion Ag layer at 350 °C are investigated. Upon decreasing the Sn concentration from 10 wt.% to 5 wt.%, the reaction product formed at the solder/Ag interface changes from the Ag3Sn phase to the Ag 4Sn phase. When the Sn concentration reduces to only 3 wt.%, the reaction product is the Ag4Sn phase at the initial stage of reaction but transforms to the (Ag) phase dissolved with Sn at the later stage of reaction. Pb penetrates across the (Ag) phase via grain boundary and forms a continuous Pb-rich layer between the (Ag) phase and the bottom Cu layer. The correlation between the phase transformation and the solder composition is discussed based on the calculated Sn-Pb-Ag isothermal section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3509-3514
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number8
StatePublished - 24 Feb 2011


  • Diffusion
  • Intermetallics
  • Liquid-solid reactions
  • Metals and alloys
  • Microstructure

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