Interfacial instability of a non-magnetized drop in ferrofluids subjected to an azimuthal field: A diffuse-interface approach

Ching-Yao Chen*, Ting Shiang Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

We perform direct numerical simulations of a non-magnetic drop immersed in immiscible ferrofluids in a confined Hele-Shaw cell under an azimuthal field by a diffuse-interface method. The interface is unstable in such a condition because of the inward attraction of the ferrofluids induced by the magnetic field gradient. We focus on the fingering onset and pattern influenced by the coupling viscous effect with different viscously stable conditions,which is achieved by varying the viscosity contrast of the ferrofluids and non-magnetic drop. In a viscously stable condition,in which the viscosity of the ferrofluids is greater than the immersed drop,the fingering onset takes place earlier because of the higher mobility of drop. The fingering pattern is simpler with numerous straightly developed fingers. On the other hand,a viscously unstable interface of less viscous ferrofluids results in ramified fingering pattern associated with the secondary phenomena,e.g.,competitions and tip-splits of fingers. However,the fingering onset is delayed because the drop is less mobile.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology
PublisherSpringer Basel
Pages181-192
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameModeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology
ISSN (Print)2164-3679
ISSN (Electronic)2164-3725

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