Infrared electroabsorption spectroscopic study of association structures of 5CB in the solution, isotropic liquid and nematic liquid crystal states

Young Kun Min, Hirotsugu Hiramatsu, Hiro o. Hamaguchi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association structures of 4-n-pentyl-4'-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) in the solution, isotropic liquid, and nematic liquid crystal states have been studied by infrared electroabsorption spectroscopy. In a 0.5 mol dm-3 carbon tetrachloride solution, the determined value of dipole moment of 5CB (4.9D) agrees excellently with a literature value (4.85D) for monomer, indicating that the 5CB molecule exist as a monomer. Monomeric response of the 5CB molecule to the external field has also been found for the isotropic liquid state. For the nematic phase, marked deviation from the monomeric response has been found, showing the domain formation of the 5CB molecules. The size dependence of the domain response to the applied electric field has also been elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-69
Number of pages2
JournalChemistry Letters
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2002

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