Influence of solid loading and particle size distribution on the porosity development of green alumina ceramic mouldings

Dean-Mo LIu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Alumina ceramic mouldings with different solid contents ranging from 55 to 70 vol% and different ratios of coarse/fine powders, i.e. 0.4 μm (fine) and 3 μm (coarse), respectively, were prepared by compression moulding at 75°C under a compressive stress of 10 MPa. The porous parameters, such as porosity, pore size and pore size distribution, of the green compacts were evaluated after removal of organic vehicles. Experimental evidence showed that the green density, as well as the sintered density, of the moulded alumina increased linearly with increased solid loading to an optimum of 65 vol% and decreased roughly linearly with increased coarse/fine ratio. Further increase in solid loading reduced particle packing efficiency, resulting in lower green and fired densities. No considerable improvement in green and sintered density of the moulded alumina was achieved by adjusting the coarse/fine ratio, which is due to the fact that coarse particles suppress the driving force of densification. The green compacts generally showed a bimodal pore size distribution character which may be the most important factor in dominating the densification of the powder compacts. The peak frequency at larger pore region is approximately 20-35 μm in diameter and at the smaller pore region is ∼ 50-95 nm in diameter. The larger pores are believed to be due to the presence of internal voids originating from entrapped gas and are probably caused by the removal of organic vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

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