Sodium butyrate has been shown to inhibit the growth and induce the differentiation of F-98 rat glioma cells. In agreement with the morphological changes, we have found that mRNAs for fibronectin and collagen in these cells could be reversibly induced by butyrate. While Ki-ras mRNA levels remained relatively unchanged, mRNAs for fos and sis increased significantly during the course of butyrate induced differentiation. c-fos induction can be detected 30 min after butyrate addition, a peak level (> 20 fold) was reached at 2 h, with a subsequent gradual decline. c-sis induction was detectable 24 h after butyrate exposure, at which time the cells have assumed morphological transition. Interestingly, the sis mRNA induction was not reversible upon butyrate withdrawal. The sis mRNA half-life increased from 40 min in the untreated cells to 100 min in the butyrate induced cells indicating that the increase in the stability of sis mRNA contributed, at least in part, to the elevated levels of sis expression. These findings demonstate a coordinated induction of fibronectin and collagen genes in the butyrate-treated F-98 cells. In addition, fos and sis transcripts were differentially induced; a rapid and transient induction of fos followed by an irreversible induction of sis at a later stage of differentiation.
- Extracellular matrix
- Proto-oncogene induction